Gay marriage: A look at what’s happening around the state of Alabama
(CNN) — Tori Sisson and Shanté Wolfe of Tuskegee, Alabama, camped outside the Montgomery County Courthouse overnight, hoping that when the sun rose Monday, they’d be the first same-sex couple to be legally married in the county.
They arrived at 2 p.m. Sunday and set up their tent. Expecting a crowd — of mostly media and friends, or their “chosen family,” as many of their kin don’t approve of their relationship — they awoke at 5 a.m. to get dressed “so that when we got out of the tent we’d look like a million bucks,” Sisson said.
Sisson, 24, and Wolfe, 21, have known each other for seven years. They’ve been dating for two. Last year, the pair got “spiritually married” in Tuskegee, but it wasn’t perhaps as fulfilling as a state-recognized union — where all the rights and benefits of matrimony are conferred on both partners.
They previously considered going to a state that allowed same-sex marriage, but Wolfe balked at the idea.
“We work here and we pay taxes here, and we didn’t feel it was right that we’d have to do that because nobody else does,” she said.
Though there were some minor computer problems in issuing their license, their wish soon came true.
With one of their godmothers performing the ceremony, they exchanged vows outside the courthouse and kissed, as a phalanx of media cameras captured the moment. (One of those cameras belonged to the Human Rights Campaign, a watchdog group involved in marriage equality advocacy; Sisson works for the organization.)
Sisson wept, while Wolfe did not.
“One of us has to hold it together,” Wolfe quipped.
But Sisson’s tears weren’t borne solely of the bliss that comes with being joined in union with your beloved. Sure, those sentiments were there, Sisson said, but she cried also because she had been thinking all night about the myriad couples before them who were denied the opportunity they were able to seize Monday.
“We have the honor to be the first couple in Montgomery County to do this. It’s amazing,” Sisson said, explaining the “overwhelming and overflowing love I have for Shanté but also for people and the hope I have in my heart that this really means progress here.”
How we got here
Though federal courts cleared the way for same-sex marriages to begin Monday in Alabama, the famously conservative chief justice of the state Supreme Court on Sunday mounted a last-ditch effort to stop the weddings, instructing probate judges not to issue marriage licenses to same-sex couples.
That didn’t stop several couples from converging on county courthouses across the state. Probate Judge Alan King in Jefferson County, the state’s most populous, said there appeared to be a larger-than-usual crowd outside the courthouse when he arrived at work Monday.
State Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore, who was ousted from his first chief justice post in 2003 after refusing to remove a Ten Commandments monument from the Alabama Judicial Building in Montgomery, wrote that his Sunday order on same-sex marriages is necessary to ensure justice in the state.
“Effective immediately, no Probate Judge of the State of Alabama nor any agent or employee of any Alabama Probate Judge shall issue or recognize a marriage license that is inconsistent” with the state code or constitution, Moore wrote in the order.
Section 30-1-19 of the state code states that “marriage is inherently a unique relationship between a man and a woman.”
‘I was shocked’
Not all of the state’s probate judges are listening. The Human Rights Campaign has already denounced the order as a “clear violation of all codes of legal ethics,” and several counties — including Jefferson, Montgomery and Madison — have told CNN they intend to issue same-sex marriage licenses Monday.
But in Tuscaloosa County, where five same-sex couple were awaiting licenses when the court opened Monday, chief probate clerk Lisa Whitehead said the court would follow Moore’s guidance.
“We will be issuing traditional marriage licenses,” she told CNN.
Shelby, Marshall and Houston counties also are declining to issue the licenses, and in Lee County, where two same-sex couples attempted to tie the knot Monday, Judge Bill English, said he, too, was “complying with an order from the chief justice late last night.”
Other probate judges weren’t sure Moore had the law behind him.
“I was shocked,” King said of his reaction to Moore’s order. “I’m old enough to remember the George Wallace stand in the schoolhouse door. I was a kid at the time.”
King was referencing the 1963 attempt by Wallace, the governor, to stop the federally ordered desegregation of schools by blocking black students from entering the University of Alabama’s Foster Auditorium.
Contacted before his court opened for the day, King said he doesn’t want to be on that side of history. After consulting with attorneys who helped him analyze Moore’s order, “I’m convinced it’s my duty to follow the U.S. Constitution and the federal court order. At 8 a.m., we will be issuing marriage licenses to all in Jefferson County. … I don’t think (Moore’s order) is grounded in legal theory, just like Gov. Wallace in the 1960s was not grounded in law,” he said.
Writing on wall
Anyone monitoring the situation in Alabama likely expected Moore to try and block it. Four days after a U.S. District Court judge struck down the state’s ban on same-sex marriages on January 23, Moore hand-delivered a letter to Gov. Robert Bentley calling for him “to stop judicial tyranny and any unlawful opinions issued without constitutional authority.”
Though Moore has invoked the state’s constitution, originally passed in 1901, it should be noted that the Alabama Constitution contains other provisions that have been federally overruled and haven’t been enforced in years. Section 102, for instance, states, “The legislature shall never pass any law to authorize or legalize any marriage between any white person and a negro, or descendant of a negro.”
The issue of same-sex marriage in Alabama reached the federal courts after Cari Searcy and Kimberly McKeand, a couple who had been legally married in California, had their adoption petition denied. Searcy had hoped to adopt McKeand’s 9-year-old but was rebufffed.
Alabama’s adoption code gives a person a right to adopt a spouse’s child, but because Alabama didn’t recognize their marriage, Searcy could not qualify for adoption.
Another ruling coming
A federal court struck down the ban but permitted a stay until Monday to allow probate courts to prepare. Alabama Attorney General Luther Strange asked the U.S. Supreme Court to block the marriages until the high court rules on a case on its docket that will decide the fate of same-sex marriages in four states. The U.S. Supreme Court said Monday it would not intervene for now.
“In this case, the Court refuses even to grant a temporary stay when it will resolve the issue at hand in several months,” Justice Clarence Thomas wrote.
Strange responded in a statement: “In the absence of a stay, there will likely be more confusion in the coming months leading up to the Supreme Court’s anticipated ruling on the legality of same-sex marriage.” Strange further advised probate judges to consult with their attorneys “about how to respond to the ruling.”
The statement and its reference to judicial confusion echoed the Sunday order issued by Moore, who wrote that all probate judges fall under his supervision.
King wasn’t the only person who felt he had to adhere to a federal ruling before Moore’s edict. The Human Rights Campaign, whose Twitter timeline was filled with images of couples engaging in matrimony, responded that Moore was acting “in clear violation of all codes of legal ethics, boundaries of jurisdiction, and moral decency.”
“This is a pathetic, last-ditch attempt at judicial fiat by an Alabama Supreme Court justice — a man who should respect the rule of law rather than advance his personal beliefs,” HRC legal director Sarah Warbelow said.
King told CNN that his decision to obey the federal court’s orders was a clear-cut one.
“I am a rule-oriented person. We have to have rules and laws as part of an orderly society,” he said.