In Kiev, Ukrainians protest Russian action, vow to fight for their country

(Image Credit: CBS News)

(Image Credit: CBS News)

(CBS News) KIEV, Ukraine – Ukraine’s prime minister calls it a “declaration of war.” The United States calls it an “invasion.” Russia says it’s protecting its people. What you call it depends on where you come from.

There are Russian forces in the Crimea region, and the White House says they effectively control the peninsula that makes up the southern portion of Ukraine. Secretary of State John Kerry is on his way to Ukraine Monday.

The U.S., European Union and NATO all say Russia is violating international law.

The question is: What can they do about it?

In pro-Western Kiev, what they’re doing is protesting.

Tens of thousands have gathered in the capital, demonstrating against Russia’s actions. Anger, outrage and fear filled Kiev’s Independence Square on Sunday.

Prime Minister Arseny Yatsenyuk warned that Russia’s military intervention in Crimea has brought Ukraine to the brink of disaster.

“This is the red alert. This is not a threat. This is actually a declaration of war to my country,” he said.

The newly formed Ukrainian government ordered a full military mobilization, putting all armed forces on high alert and calling on the hundreds of thousands of reservists to be ready to fight.

Thousands of demonstrators rallied against Russia’s actions, calling President Vladimir Putin a dictator and a liar.

One sign read: “Putin: Hands off Ukraine.”

In the place where they’re still mourning those killed in demonstrations that brought the Russian-backed president down, activist Olesya Yeroshkina told us there’s little appetite for more bloodshed.

“Of course I am worried. I don’t want to have war, and I don’t want more people to die here for our independence,” she said.

But every man of fighting age CBS News spoke to, like lawyer Oleg Pekatch, said they were ready to do just that.

“What Putin is doing right now in Crimea is absolute madness for everyone – for Putin, for Russia, for Russian people, for Europe, for the whole world,” said Pekatch.

And if he is called on to fight, he says he will go.

“I’m more than sure,” Pekatch said, smiling.

Nearly everyone told CBS News they were hoping – if not entirely convinced – that Russia would not push further into Ukraine after taking complete control of Crimea.

For all their patriotism, they are also aware that Ukrainian forces lack the hardware and firepower to match the Russian military.

Meanwhile, as many 20,000 Russian soldiers have been on the move across Crimea in the past 24 hours.

They’ve taken over without firing a shot.

Note: The above text is excerpted directly from an article appearing at CBSNews.com. Click here to read the full story.

© 2014 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved.